Liberia celebrates Independence Day

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Liberia Liberia

The Republic of Liberia, formerly a colony of the American Colonization Society, declares its independence, making the West African nation the first democratic republic in African history. Liberia is a state in West Africa on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered to the northwest with Sierra Leone, northeast of Guinea, and east to the Ivory Coast. Two thirds of the border with the Ivory Coast is made up of the Cavana River. At the beginning of the 19th century, Liberia founded the American Colonization Society with the aim of relocating the liberated black slaves from the United States back to the African continent, and on July 26, 1847, it became independent and during the nineteenth century some 13,000 ex-slaves were displaced. The emigrants remained separate from the majority of the domestic population, retaining the rule and privileged position in the country. Their rule was over in 1980 with a state coup that started the period of instability in political life due to the conflicts of the larger ethnic groups of domination. The shot was led by Samuel Doe. After the end of the Cold War in 1989, Liberia sank into the civil war of several rebel groups.

With the backing of the United States, Liberia kept its independence though the turmoil of the 20th century. A costly civil war began in 1989 and lasted until 1997, when Charles Taylor was elected Liberian president in free elections. His administration has been criticized for supporting the rebels in neighboring Sierra Leone. Some three million people live in Liberia today.



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