Smallest Countries of the World

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Monaco Palace Monaco Palace Arnaud 25

There are really a lot of small countries in the world but picking out the very few that have a square footage like a small city or a bit bigger village was really fun. I guess it will be even more fun when we have a chance to visit a few of them (or in an ideal circumstances, ALL of them)...

 

Well, this weeks Top 6 consists of:

6. Liechtenstein – 62 sq m (160,4 sq km)
LihtensteinAn alpine country in Central Europe, bordered by Switzerland to the west and south and by Austria to the east. As the last remnant of the Holy Roman Empire, its cities are very good tourist place if you want to see old castles or enjoy hiking or mountain biking. In the winter, skiing and snowboarding are also offered at a reasonable price at the country's small resort, Malbun, in comparison to the expensive lift prices in neighboring Switzerland or Austria.


5. San Marino – 24 sq m (61,2 sq km)
San MarinoSan Marino is the oldest surviving sovereign state and constitutional republic in the world. Legend has it that Marinus left Rab, then the Roman colony of Arba, in 257 when the future emperor, Diocletian, issued a decree calling for the reconstruction of the city walls of Rimini, which had been destroyed by Liburnian pirates. The country's economy mainly relies on finance, industry, services and tourism and it is one of the wealthiest countries in the world (per citizen). It's spectacular views of the surrounding countryside and Adriatic coast makes it a wonderful tourist point as well as the photographic mecca. As for sightseeing, it is known for Three Towers of San Marino, A Cathedral, Piazza della Libertà and two museums.

4. Tuvalu – 10 sq m (25,9 sq km)
TuvaluFormerly known as the Ellice Islands, is a Polynesian island nation located in the Pacific Ocean, midway between Hawaii and Australia. It comprises four reef islands and five true atolls with population of about 10.500. The main island of Funafuti is the focus of travelers since the only airport in Tuvalu is the Funafuti International Airport and the island has hotel facilities. The outer atolls can be visited on the two passenger-cargo ships which provide round trip visits to the outer islands every three or four weeks. There are no tourist accommodations on the outer atolls. It is less known, but a big portion of the Tuvalu revenue comes from commercialization of its ".tv" Internet domain name.


3. Nauru – 8.2 sq m (21,23 sq km)
NauruFormerly known as Pleasant Island, Nauru is an island country in Micronesia in the South Pacific. 90% of the island is occupied by phosphate deposit mines which is a main source of revenue for the country. For tourists, it's important to mention that there is not really much to see except for some tropical beaches at Anibare Bay and a freshwater Buada Lagoon. Surroundings of a lagoon are pretty nice with all those palm trees, but the water itself is too dirty to drink or swim.

2. Monaco – 0.77 sq m (2 sq km)
Monaco CatheA sovereign city state, located on the French Riviera in Western Europe. With the population of around 36.000, Monaco is known as the second smallest and the most densely populated country in the world. The official language is French and the most visited city is Monte Carlo. Splendid scenery, and gambling facilities have made Monaco world famous as a tourist and recreation center and going to Monaco is like sneaking off into paradise. Besides the gambling, tourists are attracted to Monaco for Formula 1 race in Monte Carlo and The Monte Carlo Rally. The absence of a personal income tax has attracted many of the less-known businessmen and a handful of celebrities to seek tax refugee status and residency. All in all, Monaco is a mecca for wealthy individuals and a good place to see for tourists with a few beautiful palaces, nice gardens, a cathedral and a world-renowned Oceanographic Museum and Aquarium.


1. Vatican City – 0.17 sq m (0,44 sq km)
Vatican CityTerritory consists of a walled enclave within the city of Rome, Italy. It has a population of just over 800.which makes Vatican City the smallest independent state in the world by both area and population. Vatican City was established in 1929. The territory includes St. Peter's Square, distinguished from the territory of Italy only by a white line along the limit of the square, where it touches Piazza Pio XII. St. Peter's Square is reached through the Via della Conciliazione which runs from close to the Tiber River to St. Peter's. This grand approach was constructed by Benito Mussolini after the conclusion of the Lateran Treaty. Within the territory of Vatican City are the Vatican Gardens which account for more than half of this territory. The gardens, established during the Renaissance and Baroque era, are decorated with fountains and sculptures. Vatican City uses only Italian in its legislation and official communications as well as the everyday language used by most of those who work in the state. In the Swiss Guard, German is the language used for giving commands, but the individual guards take their oath of loyalty in their own languages, German, French, Romansh or Italian. Vatican City is home to some of the most famous art in the world including St. Peters Basilica, Sistine Chapel and the Vatican library.

Last modified on Monday, 03 February 2014 18:50

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